This week, October 22-28, is International Open Access Week (sponsored by SPARC) and this year’s theme is “Designing Equitable Foundations for Open Knowledge.” Open Access is important to libraries, as a main goal of any library is to make knowledge openly available to patrons. The Harold B. Lee Library has made Open Access a major focus for the 2018-2019 school year.
The Importance of Open Access
Open Access refers to the free online availability of scholarly research, as well as the free right to use and cite that research. The goal of Open Access is to allow anyone, regardless of academic or financial status, unrestricted access to educational research. By making their work openly available, authors are able to share their findings with a larger audience. Additionally, people without access to paid journals are able to take advantage of large amounts of educational research through Open Access. Further information about the benefits of Open Access can be found here.
There are a few things you can do to further the Open Access cause. The Wikipedia Library is currently running their OAbot.org campaign, which is a tool to help users find citations from paid sites and add a free free version link in the the reference. You can try the tool here. There is also a tool called Unpaywall with a similar purpose that might be a bit more user-friendly. For more information on how you can be involved in Wikipedia projects in regard to Open Access, contact Rachel Helps, Coordinator of Wikipedia Initiatives in the BYU Library.
You can also share on social media your own experiences with Open Access. Suggested hashtags are #openaccess or #OAweek. Feel free to share this blog post as well, and don’t forget to tag the library with #hbll.
It’s always a good idea to do some research into Creative Commons licensing. It is a way for creators to share their copyrighted works with the public and still be protected. BYU has a fun Free Resources and Licensing tutorial, which includes some great information about Creative Commons.
The Scholarly Communications Office is currently involved in some projects to further Open Access in the library, including expanding the number of open journals hosted on ScholarsArchive, researching publications from BYU faculty and posting them to the repository, and a cross-departmental project to digitize, catalog, and post to ScholarsArchive all pre-1978 theses and dissertations for which the library only has physical copies. Stay tuned for future blog posts about the progress of these projects, as well as updates on the library’s Scholarly Communications Committee.
For more information on Scholarly Communications at BYU, please contact Ellen Amatangelo at email@example.com.
During this year’s Spring Term, the Scholarly Communications Committee at the Harold B. Lee Library sponsored its first Data Management Training class for graduate students and faculty. The two-hour training was designed to give researchers an overview on organizing, storing, and sharing data for theses, dissertations, and other scholarly works. Here are a few slides shared by Emily Darowski and Elizabeth Smart during the training (full slides can be viewed at http://guides.lib.byu.edu/datamanagement):
Training was also presented by Peter Midgley on copyright law and how it pertains to scholarly works. More information on copyright can be found here: https://copyright.byu.edu/
In a survey sent out after the class, 100% of participants indicated that they would recommend the training to a friend. Expanded Data Management Training classes are planned for future semesters and advertising for the classes will be sent to campus departments.
For inquiries about data management training, scholarly communications at BYU, or submitting works to ScholarsArchive, please contact Ellen Amatangelo at firstname.lastname@example.org.
April was an active month for BYU’s digital repository. ScholarsArchive is a continually growing resource for scholarly publishing and research.
Monthly Readership Statistics
- Total full-text downloads: 182,150
- New submissions: 176
- Total works in the repository: 34,026
- Institutions downloading content: 10,820
- Countries where downloads are taking place: 209
- References from other sites: 8,471
Most Popular Papers
Most Popular Publications
- All Faculty Publications: 15,614 downloads
- All Theses and Dissertations: 84,760 downloads
- Children’s Books and Media Review: 14,666 downloads
In addition to managing ScholarsArchive, the Scholarly Communications Office is involved in some exciting collaborative library projects. Stay tuned for upcoming news about their progress!
For more information about Scholarly Communications at Brigham Young University, please email email@example.com. For help with ScholarsArchive, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Scholarly Communications blog is active again! It will be updated at least once a month with statistics, new collection information, and projects related to ScholarsArchive, as well as news, events, and other information about Scholarly Communications at BYU and elsewhere.
Unlike the blog, ScholarsArchive has been very active! Here are some fun March 2018 statistics:
Monthly Readership Totals
Last month, BYU ScholarsArchive had 165,327 full-text downloads. 167 new submissions were posted, bringing the total works in the repository to 32,968. Brigham Young University scholarship was read by 9,473 institutions across 210 countries.
Most Popular Papers
Most Popular Publications
The main ScholarsArchive page shows real-time readership statistics including a map of where BYU’s scholarly works are being downloaded throughout the world. There is also a wheel of different disciplines available in the archive, a link to the top 10 downloads of all time, a link to recent additions, and a featured paper of the day.
For more information about Scholarly Communications at BYU or help with ScholarsArchive, you can email email@example.com or contact Ellen Amatangelo at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Life in the ScholarsArchive office has been especially busy as we’ve migrated much of our content from CONTENTdm to Digital Commons. Since migration began in July 2014, we have received incredible visibility to BYU scholarly works. Below are some highlights from the 2014 end-of-year statistics.
Total Number of Faculty Papers in Scholars Archive: 1,412
Total Downloads: 5,204
Ratio of downloads to each paper: 4:1
Total number of Theses and Dissertations: 4,293
Total Downloads: 71,113
Ratio of downloads to each paper: 17:1
College level statistics:
- Most papers (faculty papers and theses/dissertations): Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering, 1,464
- Greatest number of downloads (faculty papers and theses/dissertations): Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering, 23,822
- 2nd: Humanities, 13,222
- 3rd: Physical and Mathematical Sciences, 11,792
- Highest ratio of downloads to number of papers (faculty papers and theses/dissertations): Humanities, 24:1
- 2nd highest ratio: Fine Arts and Communications, 22:1
- 3rd highest ratio: (tie) Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology, Marriott School of Management; 16:1
Department Level Statistics:
- Most papers (theses/dissertations): Mechanical Engineering, 391
- Greatest number of downloads: Electrical and Computer Engineering (theses/dissertations), 10,633
- 2nd: Mechanical Engineering (theses/dissertations), 4,830
- 3rd: English (theses/dissertations), 3,821
- Highest ratio of downloads to number of papers: Electrical and Computer Engineering (theses/dissertations), 40:1
- 2nd highest ratio: Physics and Astronomy(theses/dissertations), 36:1
- 3rd highest ratio: Humanities, Classics, and Comparative Literature(theses/dissertations), 34:1
If you have more questions or would like to know how your college or department fared (or faculty papers vs. theses and dissertations), contact Mandy Oscarson at email@example.com or 801-422-7663.
In May, we introduced the concept of Open Access (OA). The purpose of OA is to empower researchers to share their findings with a broader audience, thus supporting the purpose of research: to share and grow knowledge.
June 28, 2014 marked the 20th anniversary since Stevan Harnad posted a message called A Subversive Proposal on a mailing list. The post sparked interest and debate in making scholarly works open to anyone, and is now considered one of the seminal texts on OA. Below is a summary of a Q&A session between Stevan Harnad and Richard Poynder – and Harnad’s take on OA today. You can read the entire discussion on Poynder’s blog.
Harnad said two things prompted his authorship of A Subversive Proposal:
- He had the feeling print-on-paper wasn’t the optimal medium for scholarly communication
- He felt very strongly about having interactive written dialogue (which became stronger after the internet gained popularity)
He really would have preferred his comment to spark people to action rather than just gathering attention. While many might think of Harnad’s message as pivotal, he believes that real change came 10 years later, from the outcome of the UK Parlimentary Committee in 2004. The committee recommended that UK researchers and universities to require Green OA.
Harnard went on to share pros and cons of Green and Gold OA:
Pros and Cons of Green and Gold OA
- Freely accessible and freely reusable
- Could solve journal affordability problem
- Costs no extra money
- No effect on journal quality
- Can be mandated
- Costs authors extra
- Risks journal quality decline
- Can’t be mandated
- Authors don’t self-archive spontaneously
- Publishers often set 6-12+ month embargoes on content
- Not all mandates are effective
If you’d like to read more, especially what Harnard’s edited version of the proposal would look like for a 2014 audience, visit Richard Poynder’s blog.
We’re getting very close to launching our new ScholarsArchive site using the Digital Commons software platform and wanted to give you a preview of a few changes you can expect.
- New landing page
- The new ScholarsArchive homepage will have some new features, such as a map showing real-time content downloads. Little pins will pop up showing where the person is located who is downloading the content, as well as what they are viewing (see sample image at the bottom of this blog).
- There will also be some fun stats such as top 10 downloads and a graphic showing how many items come from the various disciplines (i.e. life sciences, humanities, etc.).
- Monthly stats for authors
- Authors and Journal Editors will receive monthly download reports showing how many times their work was downloaded and what search terms people used to find their work.
- Authors will have a dashboard they can log in to for more statistics and features.
- Greater visibility
- Content housed in a Digital Commons gets bumped up higher in Google Scholar searches than those housed in CONTENTdm (the current platform). This means greater visibility to scholars around the world.
- Cover pages
- Using the metadata from each record, a cover page will be created for each journal or article. This will make it easier for people coming into the content from a search engine to know where they are (BYU’s repository), what the content is, links to the department associated with the content, and a suggested citation.
We’ll keep you updated as we get closer to launch day. It will take a few months to migrate all of the content over to the new Digital Commons platform. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact me.
Open Access (OA) is a hot topic in the world of scholarly communication these days. Why should we care? The purpose of OA is to empower researchers to share their findings with a broader audience, thus supporting the purpose of research: to share and grow knowledge. Below is a brief explanation of Open Access, plus some additional resources to learn more. Watch for more in-depth explanations in future blog posts.
What is Open Access?
Open Access is the immediate, free availability of scholarly research, with rights to fully use these works in the digital environment. For an info graphic describing different levels of open access, view this one from Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).
There are generally two levels of Open Access: Green and Gold.
Content (literature, data, etc.) is stored in university, laboratory, or organizational archives (aka institutional repository or IR) or digital repositories. Usually submitted directly by the author – or “self archived” – the author retains the right to make their material freely available. Material may be peer–reviewed or not.
Content is peer-reviewed according to existing journal policies and then published in those journals. The journal publishers make the content freely available to the public. Expenses for peer-review, preparation, server space, and upkeep are covered through many ways, including institutional subsidies, processing fees paid by the authors, or the organization that sponsored the work. About 5% of OA material is published in “gold” journals. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), or arXiv.org have some examples of OA journals.
With commencement just around the corner, many students are putting the finishing touches on their final papers, presentations, theses and dissertations. In this post, we’d like to highlight the top 20 most-downloaded Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) of all time. ETDs in the collection range from 2002 to the present (2014).
If you’d like to view more ETDs, head to the ETD page, or you can see more numbers on the ETD stats page.
|Romo, Abel Javier
||Linguistics and English Language
||An English for Specific Purposes Curriculum to Prepare English Learners to Become Nursing Assistants
||Jul 11, 2006
|Pittard, Matthew Thurlow
||Large Eddy Simulation Based Turbulent Flow-induced Vibration of Fully Developed Pipe Flow
||Oct 8, 2003
|Crane, Nathan B.
||Compliant Centrifugal Clutches: Design, Analysis, and Testing
||Sep 9, 2003
|Blattman, William R.
||Generating CAD Parametric Features Based on Topology Optimization Results
||Apr 16, 2008
|Oliphant, Alma H.
||Numerical Modeling of Friction Stir Welding: A Comparison of Alegra and Forge3
||Apr 27, 2004
|Jensen, Robin S.
||Gleaning the Harvest: Strangite Missionary Work, 1846-1850
||Jul 15, 2005
|Murdock, Jennifer Melody
||An External Audit of the National Tropical Botanical Garden
||Apr 21, 2003
||Instructional Psychology and Technology
||Using A Diglot Reader to Teach Kanji: The Effects of Audio and Romaji on the Acquisition of Kanji Vocabulary
||Jul 6, 2005
|Bushnell, Tyler Dwight
||A Biomechanical Analysis of Sprinters vs. Distance Runner at Equal and Maximal Speeds
||Dec 2, 2004
|Hundley, Nicholas James
||Chemistry and Biochemistry
||Structure Elucidation of Bioactive Compounds Isolated from Endophytes of Alstonia scholaris and Acmena graveolens
||Sep 2, 2005
|Taniguchi, Stacy Tooru
||Educational Leadership & Foundations
||Outdoor Education and Meaningful Learning: Finding the attributes of meaningful learning experiences in an outdoor education program
||Jun 6, 2004
||Stable Polymer Micelle Systems as Anti-cancer Drug Delivery Carriers
||Jun 1, 2005
||Marriage and Family Therapy
||The Effects of Premarital Sexual Promiscuity on Subsequent Marital Sexual Satisfaction
||Jun 25, 2004
||Civil and Environmental Engineering
||Full-Scale Lateral-Load Tests of a 3×5 Pile Group in Soft Clays and Silts
||Mar 15, 2004
|Lee, Wayne Yeung
||Civil and Environmental Engineering
||Numerical Modeling of Blast-Induced Liquefaction
||Jul 13, 2006
||German and Slavic Languages
||Blank Pages of the Holocaust: Gypsies in Yugoslavia During World War II
||Jul 1, 2004
|Bishop, Gregory Loren
||A Comprehensive Model for Technology Push Product Development
||Mar 19, 2004
|Remund, Craig Timothy
||Electrical and Computer Engineering
||Design of CMOS Four-Quadrant Gilbert Cell Multiplier Circuits in Weak and Moderate Inversion
||Nov 24, 2004
||Chemistry and Biochemistry
||Capillary Liquid Chromatography Using Micro Size Particles
||Jul 30, 2004
|Sterling, Colin J.
||Effects of Friction Stir Processing on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Fusion Welded 304L Stainless Steel
||Jun 17, 2004
Welcome back to our ScholarsArchive Blog! Our goal is to bring you regular updates every two weeks. There is a lot of good news and changes coming up over the next few months, so stay tuned!
Since our last post, we’ve added many new items. For example, check out the latest Journal of East Asian Libraries issue. It includes an article on the MTR library in Hong Kong. This library is termed a “special library” which category includes corporate, law, art, medical, news, architecture firm, financial center libraries and more. Learn how the MTR Corporation Limited utilized a company priority – learning and professional growth – to structure their employee library.
Feel free to peruse the rest of our faculty and student Journals or the scholarly research collection (includes ETDs and faculty research) as well. Our students and faculty regularly submit interesting scholarly works.
Over the coming months we’ll switch content over to a new platform, called Digital Commons. This change means greater world-wide access to content and usage statistics for authors. We’ll keep you updated on these changes over the rest of the year. Look forward to an updated home page, graphical representations of readership and content, and Scholarly Communication information.
If you have any questions about ScholarsArchive, please send them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Until next time, happy researching!